New species and combinations published in M.J. Young’s Familiar Lessons in Botany with Flora of Texas (1873)
Familiar lessons in Botany with flora of Texas (1873) by M.J. Young was analyzed to establish how many nomenclatural novelties it contains. The flora portion of the book, written with the assistance of S.B. Buckley, borrowed almost all its descriptions, often verbatim, from earlier floras. Despite extensive copying, Young described two and Buckley one new species in this flora, and Young made six new combinations. These nine names as well as eight others either incorrectly attributed to Young or misapplied by her are discussed and seven lectotypes and four neotypes are designated here. Information is provided on when the manuscript for Familiar lessons in Botany appears to have been completed, when the book was published, and how it was publicized. Bibliographic and herbarium sources used by the author are discussed. In addition, details concerning Young’s small circle of botanical contacts and correspondents are given to provide context for her unique contribution to the flora of Texas.
ANONYMOUS. 1872. The living female writers of the South. Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
ANONYMOUS. 1873a. Our book table. The Dallas Weekly Herald 21(12):1.
ANONYMOUS. 1873b. Alphabetical list of books just published. The Publishers Weekly 99:638–639.
ANONYMOUS. 1873c. Literary matters. The Michigan Teacher 8(12):436–440.
ANONYMOUS. 1874a. Alphabetical reference list of books recorded in December. Publisher Weekly 5:7–10.
ANONYMOUS. 1874b. Supplement to the educational catalogue for 1873. Publisher Weekly 5:175–177.
ANONYMOUS. 1875. [Review of] Familiar lesson in botany, with flora of Texas. The New Orleans Monthly Review [January] 1875:483–484.
BARNEBY, R. 1964. Atlas of North American Astragalus, Vol. 2, Part 2. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 13(2):597–1188.
BARNEBY, R. 1977. Daleae imagines, an illustrated revision of Errazurizia Philippi, Psorothamus Rydberg, Marina Liebmann, and Dalea Lucanus emend. Barneby, including all species of Leguminosae tribe Amorpheae Borissova ever referred to Dalea. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 27:1–892.
BEAZLEY, J. 2021. House, Thomas William (1814–1880). Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 22 Sep. 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/house-thomas-william. Published by the Texas State Historical Association, Austin, U.S.A.
BENHAM, P.M. 2021. Moore, Francis, Jr. (1808–1864). Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 22 Sep. 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/moore-francis-jr. Published by the Texas State Historical Association, Austin, U.S.A.
BENSON, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, U.S.A.
BROOKS, E. 1896. Prominent women of Texas. The Werner Company, Akron, Ohio, U.S.A.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1843. Description of some new species of plants. Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45:170–177.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1861 . Description of several new species of plants. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1860:443–445.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1862 . Description of new plants from Texas. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1861:448–463.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1866. A preliminary report of the Geological and Agricultural Survey of Texas. Office of the “State Gazette,” Austin, Texas, U.S.A.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1870a. Notes on southern ornamental trees and shrubs. Southern Hort. 2(1):14–15.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1870b. Remarks on Dr. Asa Gray's notes on Buckley's new plants of Texas. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1870:135–138.
BUCKLEY, S.B. 1874. First annual report of the Geological and Agricultural Survey of Texas. A.C. Gray, State Printer, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
BURKHALTER, L.W. 2021. Lincecum, Gideon (1793–1874). Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 22 Sep. 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/lincecum-gideon. Published by the Texas State Historical Association, Austin, U.S.A.
CHAPMAN, A. 1860. Flora of the southern United States. Ivison, Phinney, & Co., New York, U.S.A.
COULTER, J.M. 1892. Sereno Watson. Bot. Gaz. 17:137–141.
COULTER, J.M. 1894. Preliminary revision of the North American species of Cactus, Anhalonium, and Lophophora. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3(2):91–132.
DIXON, S.H. 1885. The poets and poetry of Texas. Sam H. Dixon & Co., Publishers, Austin, Texas, U.S.A.
DORR, L.J. 1990. A revision of the North American genus Callirhoe (Malvaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 56:1–74.
DORR, L.J. 1997. Botanical libraries and herbaria in North America. 4. The Samuel Botsford Buckley – Rebecca Mann Dean mystery. Taxon 46:661–687.
DORR, L.J. & K.C. NIXON. 1985. Typification of the oak (Quercus) taxa described by S.B. Buckley. Taxon 34:211–228.
DURAND, E. 1861 . “Mr. Durand stated …” Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1860:547.
EATON, D.C. 1878. Ferns of the southwest. Report U.S. Geogr. Surv. West of One Hundredth Meridian 6:299–351, t. 30.
ENGELMANN, G. 1856. Synopsis of the Cactaceæ of the Territory of the United States and adjacent regions. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 3:259–314.
ENGELMANN, G. 1859. Cactaceæ of the boundary. Pp. 1–78, tt. 1–75, in: W.H. Emory, Report of the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey. Vol. 2(1). A.O.P. Nicholson, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
GEISER, S.W. 1948. Naturalists of the frontier. Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas, U.S.A.
GRAY, A. 1852. Plantæ Wrightianæ texano—neo-mexicanæ. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 3(5):1–146, tt. 1–10.
GRAY, A. 1862a. Notes upon the “Description of New Plants from Texas, by S. B. Buckley,” published in the Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Dec. 1861 and Jan. 1862. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862:161–168.
GRAY, A. 1862b. A report upon Mr. S. B. Buckley’s “Description of plants, No. 3, Gramineae.” Published in the Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, February, 1862. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862:332–337.
HENSON, M.S. 2021. Young, Matilda Jane Fuller (1826–1882). Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 22 Sep. 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/young-matilda-jane-fuller. Published by the Texas State Historical Association, Austin, U.S.A.
IPNI. 2021. International plant names index, accessed 22 Sep. 2021, http://www.ipni.org. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens, UK.
JACKSON, B.D. 1884. Index Kewensis, 2 vols. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.
JEWELL, F.S. 1867. Grammatical diagrams defended and improved, with directions for their proper construction and application. A.S. Barnes & Company, New York, U.S.A.
JOHNSTON, I.M. 1950. Noteworthy species from Mexico and adjacent United States, III. J. Arnold Arbor. 31:188–195.
JOHNSTON, M.C. 1971. Revision of Colubrina (Rhamnaceae). Brittonia 23:1–53.
JSTOR GLOBAL PLANTS. 2021. JSTOR global plants. https://plants.jstor.org/. Accessed 22 Sep. 2021.
MCKELVEY, S.D. 1955. Botanical exploration of the trans-Mississippi west, 1790–1850. Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
MCVAUGH, R. 1947. The travels and botanical collections of Dr. Melines Conkling Leavenworth. Field & Lab 15:57–70.
NEWBERRY, J.S. 1884. Appendix H. Report on the herbarium. In Anonymous, Annual Report of the President of Columbia College, made to the Board of Trustees, May 5, 1884, p. 117. MacGowan and Slipper, New York, U.S.A.
PALMER, T.W. 1901. A register of the officers and students of the University of Alabama 1831–1901. Published by the University, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, U.S.A.
PHELPS, W.F. 1874. Teacher’s hand–book, for the institute and class room. A.S. Barnes & Company, New York, U.S.A.
RAYMOND, I. 1870. Southland writers, Vol. 2. Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, Philadelphia, U.S.A.
REYNOLDS, D.E. 2021. Cushing, Edward Hopkins (1829–1879). Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 22 Sep. 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/cushing-edward-hopkins. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
STUDHALTER, R.A. 1931. Mrs. Young's "Familiar Lessons in Botany, [sic] with Flora of Texas," a forgotten text of sixty years ago. Texas Technological College Bull. 7(6):28–52.
THOMSON, J.S.R. 1886. A beautiful southern native vine, “Cocculus carolinianus.” Gard. Monthly & Hort. 28:35–36.
TORREY, J. 1828. Some account of a collection of plants made during a journey to the Rocky Mountains in the summer of 1820, by Edwin P. James, M.D. Assistant Surgeon U.S. Army. Ann. Lyceum New York 2:161–244.
TORREY, J. 1853. Botanical appendix. In: R.B. Marcy, Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852. Robert Armstrong, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. Pp. 266–293.
TORREY, J. 1857. Report of the Botany of the expedition. Pacific Railr. Rep. 4, Pt. 5, No. 4 (Whipple):59–182, tt. 1–25.
TORREY, J. 1859. Botany of the boundary. In: W.H. EMORY, Report of the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey. Vol. 2(1). A.O.P. Nicholson, Printer, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. Pp. 27–270, tt. 1–61.
TORREY, J. & A. GRAY. 1838. A flora of North America. Vol. 1. Wiley and Putnam, New York, U.S.A.
TROPICOS. 2021. Tropicos. https://tropicos.org. Accessed 22 Sep. 2021. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, U.S.A.
TURLAND, N.J., J.H. WIERSEMA, F.R. BARRIE, W. GREUTER, D.L. HAWKSWORTH, P.S. HERENDEEN, S. KNAPP, W.-H. KUSBER, D.-Z. LI, K. MARHOLD, T.W. MAY, J. MCNEILL, A.M. MONRO, J. PRADO, M.J. PRICE, & G.F. SMITH (EDS.). 2018. International code of nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shen-zhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. Regnum Veg. 159. Koeltz Botanical Books, [Oberreifenberg].
TURNER, B.L. 2013. Taxonomy of the Dalea phleoides (Fabaceae) complex. Phytologia 95:274–278.
TURNER, B.L. & M.G. MENDENHALL. 1993. A revision of Malvaviscus (Malvaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80:439–457.
UTTALL, L.J. 1984. Nomenclatorial changes, lectotypification, and comments in Aronia Medikus (Rosaceae). Sida 10:199–202.
WATSON, S. 1878. Bibliographical index to North American botany. Part I. Polypetalæ. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
WOOD, A. 1861. Class-book of botany. A.S. Barnes & Burr, New York, U.S.A.
WOOD, A. 1882. How to study plants, or, introduction to botany, being an illustrated flora. A.S. Barnes & Company, New York, U.S.A.
YOUNG, M.J. 1873. Familiar lessons in botany with flora of Texas, adapted to general use in the southern states. A.S. Barnes & Co., Publishers, New York, U.S.A. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.62341
YU, C.-C. & K.-F. CHUNG. 2017. Why Mahonia? Molecular recircumscription of Berberis s.l., with the description of two new genera, Alloberberis and Moranothamnus. Taxon 66:1371–1392.
Copyright (c) 2022 Botanical Research Institute of Texas
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.