New record of Bacopa egensis (Plantaginaceae) for the flora of Mexico

  • Daniel Gonzalez-Socoloske Dept. of Biology, Andrews University
  • Nicholas P. Tippery Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
  • Nelly del Carmen Jiménez-Pérez Herbario UJAT, División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco
  • Donald H. Les Dept. Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut


Bacopa egensis is newly reported for the flora of Mexico and an updated key is provided for the Mexican Bacopa species.


Ahedor, A.R. 2019. Bacopa. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. Flora of North America North of Mexico, vol. 17. New York, New York, U.S.A.

Ahedor, A.R. & W. Elisens. 2015. Seed morphology and its taxonomic significance in the subtribe Gratiolinae (Plantaginaceae). Syst. Bot. 40:845–852.

Baldwin, B.G. 1992. Phylogenetic utility of the internal transcribed spacers of ribosomal DNA in plants: An example from the Compositae. Molec. Phylgen. Evol. 1:3–16.

Barringer, K.A. 2015. Scrophulariaceae. In: B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera, & N. Zamora, eds. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. VIII. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 131. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A.

Barringer, K. & W. Burger. 2000 Scrophulariaceae. In: Burger, W., ed. Flora Costaricensis. Fieldiana, Bot. 41:1–69.

Barroso, G.M. 1952. Scrophulariaceae: Indígenas e exóticas no Brasil. Rodriguésia 15:9–108.

Brand, D. 1941. A brief history of anthropology in Brazil. New Mexico Anthropologist 5(4): 99–150.

Christenhusz, M.J.M. 2014. Plantaginaceae. In: Flora Mesoamericana, vol. 5. Updated 25 Mar 2014.

Cook, C.D.K. 1985. Range extensions of aquatic vascular plant species. J. Aquatic Pl. Managem. 23: 1–6.

D’Arcy, W.G. 1979. Scrophulariaceae. In: R.E. Woodson & R.W. Schery. Flora of Panama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 66:173–272. doi:10.2307/2398908

D’Arcy, W.G. 1987. Flora of Panama: Checklist and index. Monographs in Systematic Botany, vol. 17. Braun-Brumfield, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

DePoe, C.E. 1969. Bacopa egensis (Poeppig) Pennell (Scrophulariaceae) in the United States. Sida 3:313–318.

Estes, D. & R.L. Small. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the monotypic genus Amphianthus (Plantaginaceae tribe Gratioleae) inferred from chloroplast DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 33:176–182.

Forzza, R.C., J.F.A. Baumgratz, C.D.M. Bicudo, A.A. Carvalho, Jr, A. Costa, D.P. Costa, M. Hopkins, P.M. Leitman, L.G. Lohmann, L.C. Maia, & G. Martinelli. 2010. Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil (Vol. 1, No. 2). Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio: Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Fritsch, P.W., F. Almeda, A.B. Martins, B.C. Cruz, & D. Estes. 2007. Rediscovery and phylogenetic placement of Philcoxia minensis (Plantaginaceae), with a test of carnivory. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58:447–467. GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility). 2020. GBIF Occurrence Download (16 June 2020)

Gonzalez-Socoloske, D. 2013. Aspects of the feeding ecology of the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in the wetlands of Tabasco, Mexico. PhD Dissertation. Duke University, NC, U.S.A.

Gonzalez-Socoloske, D. & L.D. Olivera-Gomez 2019. Food choice by a free-ranging Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in Tabasco, Mexico. J. Mar. Anim. Ecol. 11:19–32.

Hepper F.N. 1963: Scrophulariaceae. In: J. Hutchinson, J.M. Dalziel, & F.N. Hepper, eds. Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2:352–374. Crown Agents for Overseas Governments, London, U.K.

Kuzmina, M.L., T.W. Braukmann, A.J. Fazekas, S.W. Graham, S.L. Dewaard, A. Rodrigues, B.A. Bennett, T.A. Dickinson, J.M. Saarela, P.M. Catling, & S.G. Newmaster. 2017. Using herbarium-derived DNAs to assemble a large-scale DNA barcode library for the vascular plants of Canada. Appl. Pl. Sci. 5:1700079.

Les, D.H. 2017. Aquatic dicotyledons of North America: ecology, life history and systematics. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.A.

Maddison, W.P. & D.R. Maddison. 2018. Mesquite: A modular system for evolutionary analysis. Version 3.6

Nguyen, L.T., H.A. Schmidt, A. Von Haeseler, & B.Q. Minh. 2015. IQ-TREE: a fast and effective stochastic algorithm for estimating maximum-likelihood phylogenies. Molec. Biol. Evol. 32:268–274.

Olmstead, R.G. & J.A. Sweere. 1994. Combining data in phylogenetic systematics: an empirical approach using three molecular data sets in the Solanaceae. Syst. Biol. 43:467–481.

Olmstead, R.G., C.W. dePamphilis, A.D. Wolfe, N.D. Young, W.J. Elisens, & P.A. Reeves. 2001. Disintegration of the Scrophulariaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 88:348–361.

Pennell, F.W. 1935. The Scrophulariaceae of eastern temperate North America. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1:1–650.

Pennell, F.W. 1946. Reconsideration of the Bacopa-Herpestis problem of the Scrophulariaceae. Proc. Acad. Phil. 98:83–98

Poepp ig, E. 1845. Nova genera ac species plantarum, quas in regno Chilensi Peruviano et in terra Amazonica: annis MDCCCXXVII ad MDCCCXXXII, vol. 3. Sumptibus F. Hofmeister, Leipzig.

Posada, D. 2003. Using MODELTEST and PAUP * to select a model of nucleotide substitution. Curr. Protocols 6.5.1–6.5.14.

Powers, K.D., R.E. Noble, & R.H. Chabreck. 1978. Seed distribution by waterfowl in southwestern Louisiana. J. Wildl. Managem. 42:598–605.

Scatigna, A.V., P.W. Fritsch, V.C. Souza, & A.O. Simoes. 2018. Phylogenetic relationships and morphological evolution in the carnivorous genus Philcoxia (Plantaginaceae, Gratioleae). Syst. Bot. 43:910–919.

Souza, V.C. & A.M. Giulietti. 2009. Levantamento das espécies de Scrophulariaceae sensu lato nativas do Brasil. Pesquisas, Botânica 60:7–288.

Standley, P.C. & L.O. Williams. 1973. Scrophulariaceae. Flora of Guatemala part IX. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(9):319–416.

Suchard, M.A., Lemey, P., Baele, G., Ayres, D.L., Drummond, A., & A. Rambaut. 2018. Bayesian phylogenetic and phylodynamic data integration using BEAST 1.10 Virus Evol. 4: vey016. 10.1093/ve/vey016

Sutton, D. & R. Hampshire. 2001. Scrophulariaceae. In: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool, & O.M. Montiel, eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. Pp. 2354–2368.

Tippery, N.P., D.H. Les, & C.R. Williams. 2011. Nymphoides humboldtiana (Menyanthaceae) in Uvalde County, Texas - a new record for the U.S.A. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5:889–890.

Tippery, N.P., G.J. Bugbee, & S.E. Stebbins. 2020. Evidence for a genetically distinct strain of introduced Hydrilla verticillate (Hydrocharitaceae) in North America. J. Aquatic. Plant Managem. 58:1–6.

Tungphatthong, C., J. Somnuek, T. Phadungcharoen, K. Ingkaninan, K., J. Denduangboripant, & S. Sukrong. 2018. DNA barcoding of species of Bacopa coupled with high-resolution melting analysis. Genome 61:867–877.

Villasenor, J.L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. 87:559–902.

Wood, A. 1870. The American botanist and florist. A.S. Barnes & Co., New York, U.S.A.

How to Cite
Gonzalez-Socoloske, D., Tippery, N. P., Jiménez-Pérez, N. del C., & Les, D. H. (2020). New record of Bacopa egensis (Plantaginaceae) for the flora of Mexico. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 14(2), 395-403.