Uso del nombre Consolea microcarpa versus Consolea picardae (Cactaceae), para una especie endémica de la Española


  • Lucas C. Majure Department of Research, Conservation and Collections, Desert Botanical Garden
  • Teodoro Clase Departamento de Botánica, Jardín Botánico Nacional de Santo Domingo



Antillas Mayores, Haití, Opuntieae, Opuntioideae, República Dominicana


There exists doubt over the correct name of the endemic Hispaniolan species Consolea microcarpa (K. Schum.) E.F. Anderson. The majority of the most recent publications treating the species use the name C. picardae (Urb.) Areces, a synonym originally put in place to correct a supposed later homonym, O. microcarpa K. Schum. We discuss the correct name that should be used for the species, C. microcarpa, as the earlier name O. microcarpa Engelm. was never formally described and merely represents a provisional name. We also provide a distribution map, notes regarding the morphology and ecology of the species, and a dichotomous key to aid in the identification of the species of Consolea on Hispaniola.


Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M.T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98:1–1192.

Anderson, E.F. 1999. Some nomenclatural changes in the Cactaceae, subfamily Opuntioideae. Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 71:324–325.

Anderson, E.F. 2000. Corrections for Opuntioideae. Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 72:46.

Anderson, E.F. 2001. The cactus family. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 1996. New taxa of Consolea Lemaire (Cactaceae: Opuntioideae) from Cuba. Brittonia 48: 224–236.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 2000. Consolea picardae (Urban) Areces, comb. nov.—revalidation of a neglected West Indian opuntioid. Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 72:41–46.

Areces-Mallea, A.E. 2001. A new opuntioid cactus from the Cayman Islands, B.W.I., with a discussion and key to the genus Consolea Lemaire. Brittonia 53:96–107.

Berazaín Iturralde, R., F. Areces Berazaín, J.C. Lazcano Lara, & L.R. González Torres. 2005. Lista roja de la flora vascular cubana. Gijón 4:1–86.

Engelmann, G. 1848. Cactaceae. In: W.H. Emory, Notes of a military reconnaissance. Wendell & Van Benthuysen, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

Hunt, D. 2014. A checklist of subfamily Opuntioideae (Cactaceae) in South America and the Caribbean region. Succulent Pl. Res. 8:201–223.

Hunt, D., N. Taylor, & G. Charles. 2006. The new cactus lexicon. DH Books, Milborne Port, UK.

Majure, L.C. & R. Puente. 2014. Phylogenetic relationships and morphological evolution in Opuntia s. str. and closely related members of tribe Opuntieae. Succulent Pl. Res. 8:9–30.

Majure, L.C., R. Puente, M.P. Griffith, W.S. Judd, P.S. Soltis, & D.S. Soltis. 2012. Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): Clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. Amer. J. Bot. 99:847–864.

McNeill, J., F.R. Barrie, W.R. Buck, V. Demoulin, W. Greuter, D.L. Hawksworth, P.S. Herendeen, S. Knapp, K. Marhold, J. Prado, W.F. Prud'home Van Reine, G.F. Smith, J.H. Wiersema, & N.J. Turland. 2012. International code of botanical nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. Regnum Veg. 154. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany.

Negrón-Ortíz, V. 2007. Chromosome numbers, nuclear DNA content, and polyploidy in Consolea (Cactaceae), an endemic cactus of the Caribbean Islands. Amer. J. Bot. 94:1360–1370.

Negrón-Ortíz, V. & M.P. Griffith. 2013. Consolea picardae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T16330409A16330926. Accessed 21 Aug 2017.

Nyffeler, R., & U. Eggli. 2010. A farewell to dated ideas and concepts: Molecular phylogenetics and a revised suprageneric classification of the family Cactaceae. Schummania 6:109–149.

Rebman, J.P. & D.J. Pinkava. 2001. Opuntia cacti of North America–an overview. Florida Entomol. 84:474–483.

Schumann, K. 1898. Gesamtbeschreibung der Kakteen. J. Neudamm, Berlin.

Strittmatter, L.I., R.J. Hickey, & V. Negrón-Ortíz. 2006. Comparative microsporangium development in male-fertile and male-sterile flowers of Consolea (Cactaceae): When and how does pollen abortion occur. Grana 45:81–100.

Strittmatter, L.I., R.J. Hickey, & V. Negrón-Ortíz. 2008. Heterochrony and its role in sex determination of cryptically dioecious Consolea (Cactaceae) staminate flowers. Bot. J. Linn. Soc.156:305–326.

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI). 2017. Published on the Internet [accessed 28 Aug 2017].

Urban, I. 1919. Sertum Antillarum. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8:32–41.



How to Cite

Majure, L. C., & Clase, T. (2018). Uso del nombre Consolea microcarpa versus Consolea picardae (Cactaceae), para una especie endémica de la Española. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 12(1), 75–80.

Most read articles by the same author(s)